Innovation Policy for the African Water Sector
Under current predictions, Africa will be significantly affected by climate change. The continent is generally expected to experience an increase in temperature level above the world average and a decrease in precipitation and groundwater recharge levels, with a wide range of direct and indirect impacts on human societies, livelihoods, development and ecosystems. African policy makers must urgently address these issues.
Conventional approaches to solving these complex issues have largely had limited effect, so innovative solutions for tackling water and climate change-related challenges must be embraced. Yet there is a range of issues currently restricting innovation in the water sector in Africa, notably a lack of financial resources, a lack of interaction between innovators and weak innovation systems for water and climate. The mainstreaming of innovation policy is vital to provide direction and to mobilise the necessary resources for effective identification and implementation of water and climate change innovation in Africa.